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《Soils》 2013-02
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A Review on Application of Rice Straw in Soil Carbon Sequestration and Greenhouse Gases Emission in Paddy Ecosystems

SHI Ran 1,2,CHEN Xiao-juan 1,SHEN Jian-lin 1,GE Ti-da 1,SUI Fang-gong 2,TONG Cheng-li 1,WU Jin-shui 1(1 Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region,Institute of Subtropical Agriculture,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Changsha 410125,China;2 College of Resource and Environment,Qingdao Agricultural University,Qingdao 266109,China)  
Rice straw application is a common measure in rice production,which has some ecological functions,such as carbon(C) sequestration,nutrient cycling promotion and fertilizer reduction etc.,however,it also exists the problem of greenhouse gases emission.Considering the dual effects of rice-straw application on C sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions increasing in paddy ecosystem,this paper summarized the current utilization of rice straw resources in rice ecosystem,explored the effects of rice straw incorporation on soil C sequestration,and summarized the greenhouse gas(CO2,N2O,and CH4) emission process and its microbial mechanisms under rice straw incorporation.We suggested that it should be strengthened in the coupling mechanism of the physico-chemical processes and microbial processes during the C sequestration process by rice straw incorporation and its roles in C sequestration,as well as the greenhouse gas emission mechanism in paddy ecosystem and its control measures for the purpose of seeking a win-win solution of soil C sequestration,greenhouse emission reduction and rice productivity enhancement in paddy ecosystem in the future.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(41101247);; 湖南省自然科学基金项目(11JJ4030);; 中科院亚热带农业生态过程重点实验室开放基金项目(2010-2012)资助
【CateGory Index】: S141.4
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