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《Journal of Oceanography In Taiwan Strait》 1993-03
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Coastal erosion and protection countermeasure in Xiamen

Xie Zaituan Lan Dongzhao Chen Chenghui and Zhang Weilin (Third Institute of Oceanography,SOA,Xiamen,361005)  
Based on the comprehensive analysis of the data of field observations,fact-findings,re-peated levellings of coast-beach profiles,and hydro-meteorological records,the origin,harmfulness and protection of coast-beach erosion in Xiamen are explored and studied.Theresults show that the average erosive rate is 7mm/a for bedrock coast,1~3m/a for lateriticplatform coast and 1 m/a for sandy coast.The coastal erosion is most serious on the easterncoast of Xiamen Island.Due to the coastal erosion,coastal constructions and military instal-lations are destroyed,recreational sand-beach and land are swallowed up and houses col-lapse.The most principle cause of the coastal erosion is the severe loss of sand sources.Un-reasonable engineering constructions on the coast and beach aggravate the coastal erosion.Strong NE wave and typhoon surge are the main dynamics of the coast-beach erosion.Someproposals for the prevention and protection of the coast-beach erosion in Xiamen are put forward in the paper.
【Fund】: 福建省自然科学基金
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