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《Journal of Oceanography In Taiwan Strait》 2004-02
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Study on feeding habit and nutrient level of Portunus argentatus, P.sanguinolentus and Charybdis feriatu in Fujian sea area

HUANG Mei-zhen (Fisheries Research Institute of Fujian, Xiamen 361012, China)  
The feeding habit and nutrient levels of Portunus argentatus, P.sanguinolentus and Charybdis feriatus were studied in this paper. Theresultsshowed that the full coefficient in stomach of three species of crab changes in diffent seasons distinctly. The maximum of stomach full coefficient of Portunus argentatus,P.sanguinolentus and Charybdis feriatu is in auturmn,spring and winter respectively The three species of crab are omnivorous and their major preys consist of Crustacea and fish. Their feeding ecological types are similarity. The feeding type of Portunus argentatus and P.sanguinolentus belongs with typicalbenthophagous type. while that of Charybdis feriatus is more complicate.Their nutrient levels are 2.38,2.59 and 2.60 respectively, which are in the third nutrition layer(lower carnivores). The overlap index of diet among the three species of crab is over 0.7. Their foods overlap prominently, so they are in a fierce rivalry ondiets resource,such as Cousfacea (Macrura and Brachyura),fish,Anthozoa,Gastropoda and benthic algae in the Fujian sea area.
【Fund】: 福建省海洋与渔业局重大科技资助项目(200004)
【CateGory Index】: S917
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