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《PROGRESS IN ASTRONOMY》 1998-02
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Methods and Promise on Monitoring Precipitable Water Vapor by Ground-based GPS

Wang Xiaoya; Zhu Wenyao; Yan Haojian (Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Sbangbai 200030) Ding Jincai (Shanghai Meteorological Bureau, Shanghai 200030)  
This paper provides an overview of applying ground-based GPS to monitoring the precip-liable water vapor above GPS receiver sites. The wet delay due to water vapor which is highly variable and inhomogeneous is difficult to be precisely estimated by surface meteorological data.But it can be estimated by multi-parameters estimates and stochastic processes, such as first-order Gauss-Markov process and random walk process. The derived zenith wet delay can be readily transformed into an estimation of precipitable water vapor. This transformation is well achieved by multiplying the zenith wet delay by a factor. Maily tests have proved that Ground-based GPS technique can offer not only both high accuracy and high temporal resolution of estimates of precipitable water vapor, but also potential facilities in nearly real time estimation of precipitable water vapor. With the rapid groWth of regionally and globally continuously operating ground-based GPS networks, it is good opportunity to observe distributions of precipitable water vapor with high spatial and temporal resolutions. The results have been proved to be valuable in regional or global climate analysis and short-range numerical weather predictions. In addition,GPS-derived precipitable water vapor may provide a powerful constraint for numerical weather prediction models. This is also helpful to improve the zenith wet delay estimate for relative positioning.
【CateGory Index】: P228.4
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