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《Sport Science》 2001-02
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Inhibition of Glutamine Synthetase by High Intensity Swimming in Skeleton Muscle of Mice

LIU Zheng-dong et al (Institute of Sports Medicine, No. 3 Hospital, Beijing University, Beijing, 100083, China)  
To analyze the effect of different intensity of exercise on glutamine levels in plasma and muscle and approach the mechanism of changes of plasma glutamine in exercise, BAL/C mice were randomly divided into middle intensity exercise (no extra load), high intensity exercise (2% bodyweight load) and control groups to swim for 2 hours/day and 8 weeks. Compared with the control group, high intensity exercise reduced glutamine levels in plasma (0. 46±0. 10, 0. 12 ± 0. 02 mmol/L, p<0. 01) and muscle (4. 92± 0. 98 , 1. 03± 0. 37 mmol/L, p<0. 01), and reduced the activity of glutamine synthetase in muscle (1874± 191, 1246 ± 220 mmol/min/mg, p<0.01) ; middle. intensity exercise increased glutamine levels in plasma (0. 64±0. 06 mmol/L, p0. 01). The results suggest that experimental animals showed a posi- tive compensation in glutamine metabolism after middle intensity exercise, while they failed to maintain a balance in glutamine metabolism after high intensity exercise. The reduction of glutamine in plasma and muscle and the slowed growth rate of body weight, observed in this group animals, may be partly attributed to inhibition of muscle glutamine synthetase.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目!(批准号:39670798)
【CateGory Index】: G804.7
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