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《Sports Science Research》 2011-02
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The Study of Biochemical Indexes of Elite Women Triathletes in China during Highland Training

ZHAO Qiu-shuang1,CHEN Gang2(1.P.E.Dept in Xiamen University,Fujian Xiamen 361005,China; 2.School of P.E,Northeast Normal University,Jilin Changchun 130024,China)  
This article takes biochemical indexes of elite women of triathlon in China as the research object,by using the method of literature investigation,mathematical statistics and experimental method,researches the effect of altitude training on physical function of female triathletes and regularity of altitude training.The result showed:During the first period,it was obviously that HGB.HCT and RBC increased,but the change was only a little;it was significant effect on PRO and PH before and after exercise loads;As land altitude increased and exercise loads became more large,T.T/C significantly discreased,and cortisol increased,and C has been in very high level,BU.CK also increased significantly.But during the second period,HGB.HCT.RBC discreased continuously,T and T/C were lower than the level of the first period,C increased obviously,BU and CK kept a rise trend which higher than standard of normal after exercise loads.The indicators showed a strong rebound on the plain.The conclusion suggested:The stimulate of Altitude training is very larger on body,the body oxygen transport capacity is effectively improved,but the exercise load can further enhance the depth of stimulation.While the recovery of the body improved,particularly the buffer system of the body should be further improved.As altitude training time is lengthened,it is important that we should grasp the relationship of training cycle and land altitude,training load(intensity,time and frequency,etc).Not only the body avoid fatigue,but also the effect is enhanced of body stimulation and recovery.According to the specific circumstances of the athletes,the nutrition(eg.Leci-PA.high-quality protein,etc.) is replenished timely and an active restoration is used.While improving physical function of triathletes,it is nessesary that avoiding the negative effects of altitude training.
【Fund】: 国家体育总局课题(09061)
【CateGory Index】: G808.1
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