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《Cultural Relics》 1997-08
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Tomb 21 of Mound 1 of Locality 2 at Niuheliang in Liaoning

The Institute of Archaeology of Liaoning Province  
Excavated in the fall of 1989,this quite large tomb of a vertical earthen shaft has a rectangular form,measuring 2.15m in length,0.53 m in width and 0.37m in depth. A stone coffin within it, laid with stone plates or blocks of varying thickness, is slightly bulging in the middle and narrower at two ends,with an everted mouth contracted into a smaller bottom. A male adult was found laid in a supine,stretching posture.Twenty pieces of funerary objects,all made of jade,are found placed on the body,being never disturbed before. There are ten discs,two double-discs as well as one diamond ornament, hoop, cloud-like ornament,tube,turtle,ornament in the shape of knotted bamboo, animal mask and bracelet. Of them,a plaque shows the front view of a dragon head which looks sublime and mystic. The greenish-blue turtle, with its feet invisible and its head shrunk,is neatly shaped. The two are something new in the Hongshan culture.The tomb is unrivaled by any other single Hongshan tomb in terms of the yield of jade articles. It seems that jade occupied an unusual position in the conceptual world of the Hongshan people, who used it to decorate their bodies and please their deities, and still brought it with them to the afterworld.
【CateGory Index】: K878.8
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【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Zhao Xiaojing;preliminary Research On the Jade Ware of Neolithic Period With Excavation East Liao Peninsula Area[J];NORTHERN CULTURALRELICS;1999-01
2 Lu Jun and Luan Zhaopeng;a Summary of Study on Hongshan Jade[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2000-03
3 Liu GuoXiang;A Preliminary Study on the prehistoric jades of JiLin[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2001-04
4 Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology;Stone Coffin Tombs of No.1 Boulder Mound at Locality 2 in Niuheliang Site of Hongshan Culture[J];Cultural Relics;2008-10
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 JIN Ren an (Liaoning University,Shengyang Liaoning 110036,China);On the Residents of Mount Red's Development and Using of Jade from Xiuyan[J];Journal of Anshan Normal University;2003-03
2 (office for the preservation of cultural relics,Helong county);A preliminary Report on Excavation at Xingcheng Site,Helong County[J];NORTHERN CULTURALRELICS;1998-01
3 Chen Guoqing;A Preliminary Study on the Tub-shaped Jars[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2003-04
4 Fang Dianchun and Liu Xiaohong;Aonther Investigation and Excavation of the Hongshan Stone Tombs at Hutougou,Fuxin,Liaoning[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2005-02
5 ZHAO Ye;A primary Survey on Settlement Formation of Liangzhu Sites in Yuhang[J];Southeast Culture;2002-03
6 ZHEN Xiaolu;A Study on the Habitation and Sacrifice of Liangzhu Culture through the Longnan Site[J];Southeast Culture;2004-01
7 Wei Zheng;Several Characters of Country Patterns in Ancient Chinese History[J];SOUTHEAST CULTURE;1998-02
8 GAO Meng he (Department of Cultural Relics and Museology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China);The Ecological System and the Relationship Between Human and Environment in the Process of Civilization[J];Fudan Journal(Social Sciences Edition);2005-02
9 CHEN Chun ZHENG Jian-ming(Department of Cultural Relics and Museology,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433,China);An Archaeological Exploration of the Origin of Paddy Agriculture[J];Fudan Journal(Social Sciences Edition);2005-04
10 Zhang xuehai;A Research on ancient States in the Eastern[J];HUAXIA ARCHAEOLOGY;1997-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 ZHI Xi jun (Department of Politics and History,Anshan Normal University,Anshan Liaoning 114005,China);Hongshan Culture Proved that Northeast was the Birthplace of the Jade Culture ——Xiuyan Jade's Contribution to the Jade Culture[J];Journal of Anshan Teachers College;2002-04
2 Song Dehui (Baicheng Museum 137000);Nenjiang, Tao'er and Huolin Rivers and Baicheng Ancient Civilization——from "800 miles big desert" to say[J];;2002-02
3 Tian Hua and Wang Chenghai;A Comparative Study on the Jades Unearthed from Wokenhada Cave tomb,Yian and Xiaonanshan M1,Raohe,Heilongjiang[J];Northern Culturalrelics;2004-02
4 ZHANG De- shui;Origin and Development of Prehistoric Jade Sacrificial Wares[J];Southeast Culture;2000-11
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