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《WUHAN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL(NATURAL SCIENCE EDITION)》 1996-02
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CYTOMORPHOLOGICAL RESEARCH ON ANTHER DEVELOPMENT OF SEVERAL MALE-STERILE LINES OF RADISH(RAPHANUS SATIVUS L.)

Dong Qinghua; Li Rongqian; Wang Jianbo; Ran Yingqing(School of Life Sciences,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430072, China)  
The studies on the anther ontogeny of five cytoplasmic male-sterile lines withcomparision of fertile lines in radish seems to be indicated that these male-sterile materilesmay be divided into two types: 1. The inhibition of 475A anther development occurred beforethe stage of male archesproial differentiation. No anther produced four anther loculi. Before itbloom,the anther deformed,many cells shrunk and broken. 2. The inhibition of 134A, 262A,Beijing White A, Spring Red A anther development occurred at the stage of mononuclearpollen. The tapatal cell developed abnormally. In 134A, they highly vacuolated,showed hypertrophy and occupied the loculi. In Spring Red A,their cell walls disappeared and the cellcontents fused to form periplasmodial invading the loculi. Beijing White A and 262A had bothkinds of the tapetal abnormality. With the degeneration of the tapetal cells,pollen aborted.The loculi finally deformed and shrunk,only left little material which stained dark. The vascular system of the male-sterile lines had xylem and phloem,but it was poorly developed ascompared with that of the maintainer.
【Fund】: 国家教委高等学校博士点基金
【CateGory Index】: S631.101
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