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《世界糖尿病杂志(电子版)(英文版)》 2015-02
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Changing trends in management of gestational diabetes mellitus

Gunasekaran Kala Poomalar;Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College Hospital;  
Gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)is on the rise globally.In view of the increasing prevalence of GDM and fetal and neonatal complications associated with it,there is a splurge of research in this field and management of GDM is undergoing a sea change.Trends are changing in prevention,screening,diagnosis,treatment and future follow up.There is emerging evidence regarding use of moderate exercise,probiotics and vitamin D in the prevention of GDM.Regarding treatment,newer insulin analogs like aspart,lispro and detemir are associated with better glycemic control than older insulins.Continuous glucose monitoring systems and continuous subcutaneous insulin systems may play a role in those who require higher doses of insulin for sugar control.Evidence exists that favors metformin as a safer alternative to insulin in view of good glycemic control and better perinatal outcomes.As the risk of developing GDM in subsequent pregnancies and also the risk of overt diabetes in later life is high,regular assessment of these women is required in future.Lifestyle interventions or metformin should be offered to women with a history of GDM who develop pre-diabetes.Further studies are required in the field of prevention of GDM for optimizing obstetric outcome.
【CateGory Index】: R714.256
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