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《Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica》 2016-10
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Quantum Confinement Effect of Graphene-Like C_3N_4 Nanosheets for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Water Splitting

HAO Xu-Qiang;YANG Hao;JIN Zhi-Liang;XU Jing;MIN Shi-Xiong;Lü Gong-Xuan;School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Beifang University of Nationalities;State Key Laboratory for Oxo Synthesis and Selective Oxidation,Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Nanosheet materials obtained from laminar compounds are new two- dimensional anisotropic nanomaterials that can even reach the sub-nanometer scale. These materials possess unique physical and chemical properties. An example of such a nanosheet materials is graphitic carbon nitride(g-C_3N_4) nanosheets transformed from bulk g-C_3N_4. Here, g-C_3N_4 nanosheets were prepared from bulk g-C_3N_4 by high-temperature thermal oxidation. The photocatalytic activity of eosin(EY)-sensitized g-C_3N_4 nanosheets for hydrogen evolution was about 2.6 times higher than that of bulk g-C_3N_4. The structure of the g-C_3N_4 nanosheets and process of electron transfer between EY and the g-C_3N_4 nanosheets were investigated by X-ray diffraction(XRD), Fourier transform infrared(FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy(SEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller(BET)analysis, fluorescence spectroscopy, and photoelectrochemical measurements. The g-C_3N_4 nanosheets possessed high specific surface area. The g-C_3N_4 nanosheets not only effectively absorbed dye molecules, but also enhanced the separation and electron transport efficiencies of photogenerated charges because of their quantum confinement effect. The quantum confinement effect of g-C_3N_4 nanosheets widened their bandgap,improved electron transfer ability along the in-plane direction, and lengthened the lifetime of photoexcited charge carriers. As a result, the photocatalytic activity of the g-C_3N_4 nanosheets was improved compared with that of bulk g-C_3N_4.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(21263001 21463001 21433007)资助项目~~
【CateGory Index】: O643.36;TQ116.2
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