SOLITONS, SOLITON LASERS AND THEIR DEVELOPMENT
Liu Songhao, Liao Changjun, Jin Huaicheng (South China Institute of Quantum Electronics, South China Normal University) Jia Xiaoling (Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academia)
The progress of laser and soliton research has led to a new kind of laser- the soliton lasers which produce ultrafast pulses of controlled shape and width. The soliton lasers can find many applications in optical computing, optical communications, ultrafast phenomenon research, developing ultrafast opto-electronics devices. It also leads to research deeply into solitons themselves. We describe the soliton effect in single-mode fiber, the principle of the soliton lasers and the Rama nsoliton lasers, the progress in soliton and soliton laser research including the stabilities of the soliton laser, soliton self-frequency shift and interaction between neighboring solitons. Some of the potential applications are introduced and it is an area in fast progress.