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《Progress in Physics》 2011-04
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Covariant Density Functional Theory in Nuclear Physics

Meng Jie1,2,Guo Jian-You3,Li Jian1,Li Zhi-Pan4,Liang Hao-Zhao1,Long Wen-Hui5,Niu Yi-Fei1,Niu Zhong-Ming1,Yao Jiang-Ming4,Zhang Ying1,Zhao Peng-Wei1,Zhou Shan-Gui6,7 1.State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology,School of Physics,Peking University,Beijing 100871;2.School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering,Beihang University,Beijing 100191;3.School of Physics and Material Science,Anhui University,Hefei 230039;4.School of Physical Science and Technology,Southwest University,Chongqing 400715;5.School of Nuclear Science and Technology,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou 730000;6.Institute of Theoretical Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190;7.Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics,National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator,Lanzhou 730000  
This article provides a review on the covariant density functional theory(CDFT) in nuclear physics,and its applications for nuclear ground-states and excited states,as well as a couple of topics in interdisciplinary fields.By reviewing the development milestones in nuclear physics,the hot topics and important issues,as well as the corresponding opportunities and challenges in the twenty-first century are introduced.The nuclear CDFT is then presented in detail,including the general formalism,meson-exchange models,point-coupling models,exchange terms,tensor interactions,and physical observable,etc.The successes of the CDFT are illustrated by the descriptions of a series of nuclear ground-states and excited states properties,as well as its applications in astrophysics and the Standard Model.The ground-states properties include the nuclear binding energies,radii,single-particle spectra,resonance states,halo phenomena,and magnetic moments.The excited states properties include the nuclear magnetic rotation,low-lying excitations,shape phase transitions,and collective vibrations.The applications of the nuclear CDFT in interdisciplinary fields are demonstrated by the investigations on the nucleocosmochronology and the unitarity condition of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(10875157 10947013 10975007 10975008 10979066 11005004 11005069 11035007 11075066 11105006 11105110 11105111 11175001 11175002);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划(2007CB815000);; 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划;; 中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KJCX2-EW-N01 KJCX2-YW-N32)中国科学院计算机网络信息中心超级计算中心支持;; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(LZUJBKY-2010-25 XDJK2010B007 XDJK2011B002);; 安徽大学“211工程”;; 西南大学博士基金(SWU109011 SWU110039)资助
【CateGory Index】: O571.2
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【Co-citations】
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