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《Progress in Physics》 2013-05
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The nature and properties of amorphous matter

Wang Wei-Hua;Institute of Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;  
Amorphous matter especially amorphous alloys are currently among the most actively studied materials. In the last half century, the amorphous alloys, which is a newcomer in glassy family, is at the cutting edge of research and of current interest and significance in condensed matter physics,materials science and engineering. The unique structural features and outstanding mechanical,physical and chemical properties of the amorphous alloys provide model system for studying some long-standing fundamental issues in condensed matter physics and have potential engineering and functional applications. In this review article, we comprehensively review the development history,formation, characteristics and properties of the glassy materials especially the metallic glasses, and introduce the critical issues in this field and recent progress in fundamental research in the rapidly moving amorphous physics field.
【Fund】: 国家基金委创新群体;; 科技部973项目(2010CB731600和2007CB613904);; 科技部重点基金等项目;; 中科院和物理所的持续支持
【CateGory Index】: O469
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