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《Physics》 2001-05
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THE BIRTH AND GROWTH OF QUANTUM THEORYFROM QUANTUM HYPOTHESIS TO QUANTUM MECHANICS

PENG Huan-Wu(Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China)  
This short history covers the birth and early growth of quantum theory from 1900 to 1928, beginning with Planck′s formula and the quantum hypothesis for the black-body radiation. After a description of the rise and decline of the old quantum theory in connection with its application in spectroscopy, two paths based on the rigorous formulation of the correspondence principle leading to matrix mechanics (1925) and Dirac′s non-commuting q-numbers (1925) are explained. Another path based on the generalization of the wave-particle aspect of lightquanta is then shown to lead to wave mechanics (1926). Among the works during the early growth of quantum mechanics in 1927—1928, representation theory, the uncertainty principle, two-electron problems, and Dirac′s relativistic theory of electrons are discussed.
【CateGory Index】: O413
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