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《Journal of Hygiene Research》 2018-02
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Association of aggressive behavior with separation from parents and social anxiety in grade four to six of rural senior primary school students in Anhui Province in 2014

Zhang Qin;Meng Yanqiu;Wu Lu;Yao Rongying;Fu Lianguo;Department of Child and Adolescent Health,Department of Public Health,Bengbu Medical College;  
Objective To explore the relationship between separation from parents and social anxiety with aggressive behaviors,to provide scientific basis for the prevention of aggression. Methods Stratified random sampling was used to collect 1126 students ofthe fourth,fifth and sixth grade from three primary schools in Dangshan County and two primary schools in Guzhen County. The incomplete or incorrect questionnaires were eliminated,and 1024 questionnaires were valid; the effective rate was 90. 9%. The questionnaire survey included the left-behind children's general situation and the separation from parents; the aggression questionnaire was used to detect the aggression of students; the social anxiety scale for children was used to detect the social anxiety of students. The multiple linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between the risk factor and the aggressive behavior. Results There were no significant difference of AQ score and other factor score among students in different grade( P 0. 05),the AQ score and other factor score were higher in boy students( P 0. 05). The AQ score and other factor score of the left-behind children were higher than the children who lived with their parents,the AQ score and other factor score of the children whose parents all out were highest( 71. 5 ± 20. 5,14. 9 ± 6. 1,12. 6 ± 3. 2,17. 6 ± 5. 8,11. 7 ± 4. 3 and15. 4 ± 5. 4),there were significant difference of AQ score and PHY and IND factor score between them( P 0. 05). The children whose parents go out one year ago,whose parents don't go home in one year,and who hardly contact parents,these children' AQ score and each factor points are the highest. Multiple linear regression showed that sex,the situation of parents go out to work,the number of parents go back to home every year,the frequency of parent-child links and children's social society influenced the aggressive behavior of students( P 0. 05). Conclusion The lower the frequency of parental contact,the longer time to work and the higher the social anxiety score of children,the more serious the attack behavior of left-behind children.
【Fund】: 安徽省高校人文社科重点研究项目(No.SK2014A316);; 安徽省教育厅人文社科重点项目(No.SK2015A408)
【CateGory Index】: C913.5;R179
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