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《Sciences of Conservation and Archaeology》 1995-02
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Studies on analysis and ideutification of prehistoric Chinese lacquer

Chen Yuansheng; Xie Yulin; Lu Heng; Zheng Youmin(Shanghai Museum, Shanghai200231) (Zhejiang Museum, Hangzhou310013)Jin Xinrong; He Yihua(East China Universily of Science and Technology, Shanghai200237)  
The lacquer crafts in China have a long history. Its historical origin maybe traces back tothe Neolithlic era.A wooden bowl painted red colour excavated from Hemudu Zhejiang Province in 1977.The date of Hemudu ruin is about seven thousand years ago. The bowl with red colur may bethe earilest Chinese lacquer, but it has not been proved that the red matter is lacquer or not.In this paper the analytical methods are studied for the determination of Chinese lacquerfllm. The lacquer films in various dynasties are investigated and analyzed with PYMS, FTIR,PYGC-FTIR.The experiments of PYGC-FTIR show that the ancient Chinese lacquer films have thesimilar GC pyrogram and pyrolysis products. The red film on the wooden bowl has the sameanalytical data as the various dynasties lacquer films doThe experiment confimed that PYGC-FTIR is a handy and feasible way and has beenapplied successfully to determine the lacquer bowl in Hemudu although the samp1e which canbe provided is very little. The diagrams of PYMS show that the red pigment in ancientChinese locquer is HgS.
【CateGory Index】: K87
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