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《Journal of Earth Sciences and Environment》 2014-04
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Palynological Assemblages and Palaeoenvironment of Xiangbidong Site in Jianchuan Area of Yunnan

ZHANG Ji-xiao;WANG Wei-ming;GAO Feng;Key Laboratory of Economic Stratigraphy and Palaeogeography,Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology;  
Jianchuan is located in Hengduan Mountains with complex landforms and diverse natural landscapes.Xiangbidong site is the first paleolithic cave relic discovered in Jianchuan area of Yunnan.The unearthed items including many stonewares,animal teeth and bone fossils are from the middle-late Paleolithic period.Jianchuan is situated in the south temperate zone with variable vegetations mainly based on altitude,terrain and soil.Some common plant species are represented by Castanopsis delavayi,Cyclobalanopsis oxyodon,Pinus sp.,Tsugasp.,Abies sp.,etc.In order to understand the paleovegetation and paleoclimate changes and the relationship between environment and human activity,the palynological analysis was firstly used to measure the 13 paleosoil samples from different layers in Xiangbidong site of Jianchuan area,Yunnan.The Xiangbidong site was divided into seven layers from bottom to top according to the accumulation periods.The total thicknesses of the deposits from trench were 57 cm in the west cliff and 45 cm in the east.Laboratory preparation for the samples followed the standard preparation method.1 616 grains and 51 polymorphs were identified.Based on the changes of the main components in the palynological assemblages,Xiangbidong site was divided into fourstages.In the first stage,Xiangbidong site was under warm and humid climate condition with abundant Nyssa sp.and Pinus sp.pollen grains.Then,a short dry period followed the first stage with distinct occurrence of Chenopodiaceae in the second stage.The warm and humid climate condition was resumed again in the third stage recognized by Nyssasp.and Fagus sp.,and became the maximum in the fourth stage recognized by Cyclobalanopsis sp.and Nyssa sp.Taking into account of high woody pollen content on the whole,the signal for human activities was still weak at that time.Meanwhile,because few plants could serve as food source,fishing and hunting are possible the human being's main approach for living.Late Paleolithic and early Neolithic climate changes were frequent in the adjacent areas including Heqing Basin and Diancangshan area,so that the climate change in Xiangbidong site might be related with monsoon.
【Fund】: 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项项目(XDA05120101)
【CateGory Index】: P532;Q914
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