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《Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences)》 2010-06
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Analysis of matrilineal genetic background differences between Chaoshan population,Cantonese and Hakka

LI Xiao-yun1,SU Min1,HUANG Hai-hua1,LI Hui2,TIAN Dong-ping1,GAO Yu-xia1(1.Department of Pathology,Key Immunopathology Laboratory of Guangdong Province,Medical College of Shantou University,Shantou 515031;2.State Key Laboratory ofGenetic Engineering and Center for Anthropological Studies,School of Life Sciences,Fudan University,Shanghai 200433,China)  
Objective Three ethnic populations of Han inhabitants in Guangdong Province,namely,Chaoshan population,Cantonese and Hakka,descended from north-central China Han immigrants.Here we analyzed their genetic background differences based on mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) evidences reflecting matrilineal genetics.Methods Based on mtDNA variations,we inferred mtDNA haplogroups of 48 and 89 subjects from the Taihang and Chaoshan areas,respectively.mtDNA data of Cantonese and Hakka populations were quoted from published literature.We compared haplogroup distribution in the 3 ethnic populations with that in the Taihang Mountain population and the southern natives.Results The northern Han-dominating haplogroups were predominant in the Taihang Mountain population,while Cantonese and Hakka populations had southern natives-dominating haplogroups as their major haplogroups,and Chaoshan population possessed slightly higher frequency of northern haplogroups than southern haplogroups.The principal component analysis based on frequencies of mtDNA haplogroups showed that the Taihang Mountain population and Chaoshan population clustered together,and that Cantonese,Hakka and the southern natives clustered together.Conclusion Of the 3 ethnic populations,Chaoshan population alone possesses the purest lineage of north-central China Hans,and shows the closest genetic affinity to the Taihang Mountain population,which might be one of the reasons why Chaoshan population alone has become esophageal cancer high-risk population in the coast of southern China.Both Cantonese and Hakka populations show more gene flow from the southern natives in the maternal lineage.
【Key Words】: Chaoshan Cantonese Hakka mtDNA genetic background
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金国际合作重点项目(No.30210103904);; 广东省十五攻关项目(No.A1080203)~~
【CateGory Index】: Q987
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