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《Journal of Northwest University(Natural Science Edition)》 2010-05
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A study on city niche in Guanzhong Region

MA Chao-qun1,2,CAO Ming-ming1,HE Yan-fen1(1.College of Urban and Environment,Northwest University,Xi′an 710127,China;2.College of Earth Science and Resources,Chang′an University,Xi′an 710054,China)  
Aim To reflect the competition among the cities and the change of it.Methods Using the niche width model and the niche overlap model.Results Taking Guanzhong Region as an example,niche width and niche overlap of four cities are computed according to 39 industries′ data.Conclusion The research shows that(1) Niche widths of the four cities in Guanzhong Region can be classified into three types,which are Xi′ an type,Baoji-Xianyang type,and Tongchuan type,and among which,the niche width of Xi′ an city is the largest,which occupies the biggest allocation of resource space,and the niche widths of the other two types are smaller and occupy the smaller allocation of resource space;(2)the competition among the four cities in Guanzhong Region is not severe,and Xi′ an city is on the advantage of the competition,then is Baoji and Xianyang,the last is Tongchuan;(3) Niche overlaps between Xi′ an and Xianyang,Xi′ an and Baoji,and Xianyang and Tongchuan are high,and can be potential competitors between each other.
【Fund】: 国家重大基础研究前期专项基金资助项目(2003CCC01500)
【CateGory Index】: TU984.115
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