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《Northwest Geoscience》 1980-01
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LOWER PALEOZOIC SPILITE-KERATOPHYRE SUITE OF N.QILIAN RANGE(NAN SHAN) AND ITS BEARING ON OPHIoLITE SUITE

Song Zhigao  
The Lower Paleozoic,mainly Cambro-Ordovician,spilite-keratophyre suite(or simply spilitic suite)of North Qilian Range(Nan Shan)is part of the volcanic formations in the Qilian Range Eugeosyncline.During recent years,it has been attributed to ophiolite suite by some investigators on account of its association with ultrabasic intrusives.The spilite often occurs as pillow lavas on some sections and is accompanied with beds of limestone,radiolarian chert,flyschoid sandstne,and tuff as well as other sedimentary rocks.Owing to its association in some areas with a great amount of andesitic lavas,it appears that this suite formed chiefly under an environment of orogenic belt,in other words,of island arc. Based upon both petrological and petrochemical studies,the rock types of the suite concerned include spilite,keratophyre,quartz-keratophyre,albite-diabase,albite-diorite and quartz-albitophyre.The spilite is characterized by igneous textures,greenstone mineral assemblage and alkali metasomatism(albitization or potash-feldspar replacement).Chemically,as indicated by A-F-M diagrams,this suite corresponds to the calc-alkaline basalt-andesite-dacite-rhyolite series and thus shows that the rocks of the suite have experienced autometamorphism by volcanic hydrothermal solutions after their solidification.
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