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《Journal of Northwest Forestry University》 2019-04
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Characteristics of Soil Temperature in Winter and Anti-freezing Measures in Cistanche tubulosa Plantation in Luopu County,Xinjiang

CHEN Qi-min;Bahatiguli Musabayi;CHU Fen-fei;SANG Ba-ye;DUAN Wen-biao;Northeast Forestry University;Institute of Afforestation and Sand Control,Xinjiang Academy of Forestry Sciences;  
In order to solve the problems of frost damage occurring frequently in Cistanche tubulosa plantation in Hotan region,Xinjiang,relative issues were studied,such as the inoculation depth,distribution of fleshy stems,variation rules of atmospheric and soil temperatures,variation characteristics of soil temperature under 5 anti-freezing measures.The results showed that temperatures of the soils below 50 cm at the early growth stage(December 2),below 30 cm at medium stage(January 7),and below 40 cm at late stage(February 23) did not change significantly with the change of daily temperature.The preference distribution depth of overwintering fleshy stems was more than 50 cm,and the minimum soil depth was 30 cm.The maximum depth of frozen soil was more than 70 cm,indicating that the inoculation depth of C.tubulosa should be below 70 cm,not only to avoid freezing injury,but also to be conducive to the growth of the large-scale individual stems.The heat preservation effect of four mulching treatments was in the order of treatment 2treatment 4treatment 1treatment 3,in which the heat preservation effect of treatment 2 and 4 had significant difference with the control.The combination of treatment 2 and 4 was recommended in the seed orchard,while the grass curtain was removed in early February to facilitate the soil temperature.The winter irrigation could significantly reduce the average soil temperature(2.07℃) and prolonge frozen period(21 days),which was not favorable for the cultivation of C.tubulosa.To avoid the conflict with the harvest,the mulching measures to prevention and control the frost damage should be applied during the last ten days of November to the early ten days of December.
【Fund】: 公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项“和田管花肉苁蓉冻害防控技术研发”
【CateGory Index】: S567.239;S152.8
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