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《Acta Agriculturae Boreali-Occidentalis Sinica》 2012-04
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Cytology Observation of Anther for Genic Male Sterility of AB Line Chinese Cabbage

XU Ming,ZHENG Pengjing,ZHANG Xin and BI Gaohe(College of Horticulture,Shenyang Agricultural University,Shenyang 110866,China)  
In this experiment,the materials are genic male sterility of AB Line Chinese cabbage.Comparisons between sterile flower and fertile flower on flower organic structure in Chinese cabbage,and cytology observation of anther,to find out the stage and reason of abortion.The results showed that: the sepal length,petal length,petal width,the stamens length of fertile plants and sterile plants in Chinese cabbage are very obviously different;development of anther was observed by using acid carmine staining and paraffin section method,stertility has been aborted after 2.5 mm,abortion may occur during after meiosis stage to tetrad stage,tapetal cells showed vacuolation and crushed tetrad into central parts during this period.A large number of tetrads become abnormal,microspore development can not enough space and nutrition.Finally,microspores completely resolved and cause abortion before flowering.
【CateGory Index】: S634.1
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