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《Acta Agriculturae Boreali-occidentalis Sinica》 2019-07
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Effects of Combined Application of Nitrogen,Phosphorus and Potassium on the Yield and Total Alkaloid Mass Fraction of Fritillaria unibracteata var.wabuensis

DENG Qiulin;YANG Zhengming;CHEN Yu;ZHANG Yaqin;LEI Feiyi;LI Sijia;LIU Zhendong;CHEN Xingfu;College of Agriculture,Sichuan Agricultural University;Sichuan New Lotus Co.Ltd. of Fritillaria Ecological Medicinal Herbs;  
In order to study the difference of Fritillaria unibracteata var.wabuensis yield and total alkaloid mass fraction under different fertilization levels,and to determine the reasonable amount of fertilizers.The field experiment was conducted with the three-factor five-level quadratic rotational combinationdesign.Yield and total alkaloid mass fraction were measured in the laboratory.Mathematical function models of the weight gain rate and total alkaloid mass fraction with the application amount of N(X_1),P(X_2) and K(X_3) were established respectively.The results show that the yield increase effect of fertilizer was listed as phosphate fertilizer nitrogenous fertilizer potash fertilizer,but the effect on Fritillaria unibracteata var.wabuensis alkaloids was nitrogenous fertilizer potash phosphate fertilizer.Based on the model selection,and considering the yield and total alkaloid mass fraction,there commended formula of fertilizer was as follows: urea 8.98-12.00 kg/hm~2,superphosphate 38.79-43.37 kg/hm~2,potassium sulfate 17.44-24.49 kg/hm~2.
【Fund】: 四川省“十三五育种攻关”项目(2016NYZ0036-3-2)~~
【CateGory Index】: S567.231
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