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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2009-11
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Effect of sowing date on grain traits in barley

ZHANG Yue-jina,ZHANG Xiao-yanb,PANG Yong-qiangb,Li Xueb(a.College of Life Sciences,b.College of Agronomy,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China)  
[Objective] The study was to evaluate the effect of sowing date on grain traits in barley.[Method] Grains havested from 19 barley materials with 3 sowing dates were measured with vernier caliper and balance.The data were analyzed with Excel and SAS software.[Result] Sowing dates worked significantly on grain length(GL)and grain width(GW)at 0.05 level,and more significantly on grain thinkness(GT),Ratio of length to width(RLW)and 1 000 grain weight(1 000-GW)at 0.01 level;there were 9 homogeneous in GL,6 in GW,5 in GT,10 in both RLW and 1 000-GW;correlations were significant at 0.01 level between RLW and GL,between 1 000-GW and GT,and between 1 000-GW and grain width.Their related coefficients were respectively 0.740,0.493 and 0.361.Related coefficients were separately 0.311and-0.291 between 1 000-GW and GL as well as between RLW and GT,which were significant at 0.05 level.[Conclusion] With the delay of sowing,the barley grain volume got smaller,so big grains could be produced under the conditions of early sowing;Grain traits of the barley showed 1 000-GWRLWGLGTGW with the interaction of hereditary factors and environmental factors;The correlations between 1 000-GW of the barley and other grain traits were as follows:GTGWGL.
【Fund】: 陕西省自然科学基金项目(2006C120);; 西北农林科技大学育种专项
【CateGory Index】: S512.304
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