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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2011-07
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Inductive effects of fungal pathogens of American Ginseng and Ginseng on chitinase and cellulase of antigonistic actinomycetes

YU Yan-hua a,XUE Quan-hong b,TANG Ming c(a College of Life Sciences,b College of Resources and Environment,c College of Forestry,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China)  
【Objective】 Inhibitory mechanism of antigonistic actimomycetes fighting against fungal pathogens of soil-borne disease in American Ginseng and Ginseng was studied.【Method】 The inductiveness was assessed by the activity of chitinase and cellulase,which were induced from 9 strains of antigonistic actinomycete by using 5 dried strains of fungal pathogens of American Ginseng and Ginseng as C-source in liquid culture medium and DNS measurement,and the mutual effects were observed between antigonistic actinomycetes and fungal pathogens of American Ginseng and Ginseng through the method of building pieces on plate.【Result】 ①The activity of chitinase and cellulase,which was mainly distributed among 7.17-11.58 and 6.14-21.20 U,respectively,differed from 9 strains of antigonistic antinomycete induced from 5 strains of fungal pathogen of American Ginseng and Ginseng.The powder of Phytophthora cactorum could induce antigonistic actinomycetes to produce much more chitinase and cellulase.②The mutural effects between mycelia of Act11,Act13,Act24 and Cylindrocarpon destructans,Cylindrocarpon sp.,such as winding and decomposition,were observed distinctively.【Conclusion】 The mycelia of 5 strains of fungal pathogen of American Ginseng and Ginseng could induce 9 strains of antigonistic actinomycete to produce chintinase and cellulase;9 strains of antigonistic actinomycete had inhibitory effects on the growth of 5 strains of fungal pathogen of American Ginseng and Ginseng by producing cell-wall degrading enzymes,such as chitinase and cellulase,which can promote mutural effects between mycelia,such as winding,decomposition.
【Fund】: 长江学者和创新团队发展计划资助项目(IRT748)
【CateGory Index】: S435.675
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