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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2017-06
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Effect of gravel mulching on soil moisture,growth and yield of winter wheat

LIU Xiaoqing;FENG Hao;WANG Donglin;YU Kun;ZUO Yiqiu;College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering,Northwest A&F University;Chinese National Academy of Water-Saving Agriculture in Arid Region,Northwest A&F University;Institute of Water and Soil Conservation,Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources,Northwest A&F University;  
【Objective】Effects of different gravel mulching treatments(0,2,4,6,and 8kg/m~2)on soil moisture dynamics as well as growth and yield of winter wheat were investigated.【Method】Based on 2years(2013-2015)field experiment,the effects of gravel mulching treatments on soil moisture dynamics and winter wheat growth and yield were investigated.【Result】With the increase of gravel covering amount,the water storage capacity in soil layer of 0-100 cm was increased and the effects of on soil water content increased first before decreasing.When the amount of gravel mulching was 8kg/m~2(S8),water storage capacity in soil layer of 0-100 cm was significantly increased by 10.09% and 11.92% at seedling stage(P0.05),changed slightly at grouting period,and increased greatly by 8.87% and 9.08% at mature period(P0.05).Dry matter weight and leaf area of winter wheat increased firstly before decreasing,and they reached peak values at filling period and growth period,respectively.Dry matter weight of S8 increased by 35.03% and 18.17% at filling stage,and leaf area were increased by 10.79% and 10.00% at jointing period.With the increase of gravel covering amount,the growth period of winter wheat was gradually shortened and S8 treatment was 1-5dshorter than other treatments.The yield of winter wheat was increased by 1.98%-12.13% and 2.06%-5.34%in 2013-2014 and 2014-2015,respectively.【Conclusion】The treatment of 8kg/m~2 was suggested based on this study.
【Fund】: 国家高技术研究发展‘863’计划项目(SS2013AA100904);; 西北农林科技大学基本科研业务费专项(QN2009087)
【CateGory Index】: S512.11
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【Citations】
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【Co-citations】
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1 Xu Wenjing;Zheng Xu;Luoyang Vocational & Technical College;;The Application of Tool Algorithm for Five Axis NC Machining Center in Agricultural Machinery Parts Processing[J];农机化研究;2018-05
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