The Actuality and Prospect of Researches on Job Burnout
Xu Yan,WANG Fang,JIANG Jiang (School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
Job Burnout is a hotspot in the research area of job stress and mental health. This article reviews some important problems in burnout studies, just like the concept, measurements, and the related variables of job burnout. The three-dimensioned concept by Maslach and the MBI are very popular, but the relationship among the three dimensions is not clear. Further, this article provides a conceptual framework of burnout including the most key antecedent (work stress), consequences (job satisfaction, turnover intention, negative affectivity), and some moderators (coping style, social support, personality traits). Some expectation of the development of studies in the future is proposed.