The study of knowledge and attitude for AIDS among the mobile population
LU Zhuo-ping,ZHU Zuo-jin.(School of Public Health,Guangxi Medical University,Nanning,Guangxi 530021,China)
Objective To understand knowledge and attitude for HIV/AIDS high risk behaviors and awareness of self-precaution among the mobile population.Method Using self-designed questionnaires to investigate knowledge and attitude for AIDS among construction workers,hotel and restaurant attendants,workers employed in haircut and cosmetic services,businessmen,vendors and students.Result The level of knowledge about AIDS was generally low among the mobile population,particularly cunong construction worders. As high as 90.4% of the mobile population surveyed were opposed to non-marital sex behavior,but there were significant differences among the various groups of population;the highest rate of opposition(94.9%)was among the students,while the lowest rate (75.4%) was among the construction workers.Of the married subjects only 29.6% had high risk behaviors,and the rate of unprotected sexual intercourse was 65.4%,and was as high as 83.1% among construction workers.In general, the mobile population had higher demands for AIDS related knowledge,and 94.6% of them thought such knowledge necessary.As to the sex related knowledge,most of the subjects wanted to know about the prevention of venereal diseases and AIDS,safe sex behavior,sex physiology and others.Conclusion The rate of awareness of AIDS is low and risky sex behaviors are common among the mobile population,and AIDS health education is urgently needed for them,particularly for construction workers.