Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1963-02
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

STUDIES ON THE CHOICE OF PARENTS IN WHEAT CROSSES——Ⅰ.HEREROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY IN F_1 HYBRIDS

C.S.Chwang H.L.Wang C.M.Tseng Y.C.Li and T.C. Li (Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Peking)  
Heterosis and genetic variance component studies on 36 wheat crosses and 14 parentsrevealed that:1.Yield per plant,kernels per spike and kernel weight of F_1 hybrids showed a markedheterosis over mid-parental values by 20-30%.Plant height and date of heading ranked next,which averaged about 10% in magnitude,being negative in direction for heading date.Fertilespikelets per head manifested only a slight degree of heterosis.F_(1-)MP's for these characterswere highly significant as shown by t-tests.However,head length,kernel weight per head andheads per plant showed,on the average,no heterosis.2.Variability of heterosis of these characters descended in the following order:yield perplant→heads per plant,fertile spikelets per head→kernel weight per head,kernel perhead→kernel weight→heading date→head length,plant height.3.Heritability estimates (in the broad sense) as analyzed from F_1 data were from highto low as follows:head length→plant height→kernel weight→kernel weight per head→kernel per head,fertile spikelets per head→heads per plant,yield per plant.4.Relative values of general comining ability (g.c.a.) from high to low were as follows:head length,fertile spikelets per plant→plant height,kernels per head→kernel weight perhead→kernel weight,heads per plant→yield per plant.For yield per plants,specific com-bining ability played an important role.5.There was a close relation between the general combining ability value and the cor-relation or regression coefficient of F_1 on m(?)d-parental values.The larger the g.c.a.value,the higher the correlation or regression coefficient,indicating that many characters of F_1 hybridswere determined to a certain extent by parental means.The r or b value became non-significantas the g.c.a.decreased below 40%.6.In predicting the breeding value of parents or hybrid combinations,actual performanceof F_1 hybrids should be emphasized first.The extent of heterosis might also be of value,sincea part of heterosis arisen from epistasis could be fixed in later generations.Mid-parentalvalues were of considerable importance.
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhou Gengjian Cai Qiufang Laiyang Agricultural College;ANALYSIS OF HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY ON SOME GRAIN QUALITY AND YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF WINTER WHEAT VARIETIES[J];Shandong Agricultural Sciences;1989-04
2 HUANG Xiu-shan et al(Linyi Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Linyi,Shandong 276012);Characteristics of Winter Wheat Variety Linmai No.2 and Its Breeding Experience[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2007-08
3 Zhang Aimin;Sun Qixin;Liu Guangtian;The Relationship Among Heritability, Combining Ability and Other Important Genetical Parameter of Quantitative Characters[J];Journal of Beijing Agricultural College;1993-01
4 Zhou Nai-Jian;Miao Guo-Yuan and Zhang Yun-Ting(Shanxi Agricultural University;030801);The Ecological Study of Shanxi Wheat 1.Yield Reaction and Structure Analysis in Ecological Monitoring Spots[J];JOURNAL OF BEIJING AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE;1996-01
5 Shen Sining (Harbin Vegetable Research Institute) Qin Zhiwei & Xu Ruixian (Northeast Agricultural College, Harbin 150030, China);STUDIES ON HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY OF MAIN QUALITY TRAITS IN CABBAGE[J];;1992-03
6 Chen Heng-he(Research Laboratory of Soybean Jilin Iustitute of Agricultural Sciences, Jilin Proviuce);DAILLEL ANALYSIS OF INHERITABLE ROLES OF MAIN QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERS IN SOYBEANS[J];Soybean Science;1982-01
7 Chen Henghe(Soybean Laboratory, Jilin Institute of Agricultural Sciences);GENE EFFECTS OF MAIN AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS IN SOYBEANS[J];Soybean Science;1984-02
8 Zhang Haifeng Yu JiuJiang Wang Kongge and Zhao Xiangke (Northwestern College of Agriculture);STUDIES ON THE INHERITANCE OF EARLINESS AND ITS SELECTION IN BREAD WHEAT (T.aestivum L.)[J];Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica;1985-03
9 Ding Fayuan Jiang Juping(Institute of Industrial Crops, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou)Guo Hailong(Zhangmiao Agricultural Experimental Station, Pingyu County, Henan Province. );Combining Ability Studies in Sesame[J];Acta Agriculturae Boreali—Sinica;1989-01
10 Zhang Aimin Zhang Yongquan Hou Yili Huang Tiecheng (Agronomy Depart ment, Eeijing Agricultural University, Beijing);Combining Ability Analysis of Factorial Triallel in Wheat[J];Acta Agriculturae Boreali—Sinica;1993-01
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhou Gengjian Cai Qiufang Laiyang Agricultural College;ANALYSIS OF HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY ON SOME GRAIN QUALITY AND YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF WINTER WHEAT VARIETIES[J];Shandong Agricultural Sciences;1989-04
2 Zhao Zhendong Liu Jianjun Dong Jinying Meng Lanyu (Crop Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences);ANALYSIS OF GENE EFFECTS OF SEDIMENTATION VALUES IN WINTER WHEAT[J];Shandong Agricultural Sciences;1990-06
3 ZHANG Hua-wen,TIAN Ji-chun,LIU Yan-ling (Agronomy College, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian 271018, China);Characteristic and correlation analysis of grain quality among wheat varieties[J];Shandong Agricultural Sciences;2004-06
4 Sun Xueyong et al (Tobacco Research Institute, AAAS, Fengyang 233100);Analysis of the Difference among Varieties and Correlation among GMP Content,Protein Content and SDS Sediment Value of Wheat Grain[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2002-02
5 Cai Jian et al (Key Laboratory of Rice Genetics and Breeding of MOA, Hefei 230031);Study Progress of the Relationship between Heterosis and Genetic Differentiation of Crossing Parents in Crop[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2002-04
6 Cao Shuhua et al(Information Institute,Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hefei 230031);The Relationship Between Genetic Distance and Yield Heterosis in Wheat[J];JOURNAL OF ANHUI AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;1997-03
7 Ma Chuanxi;Wu Zhaosu Department of Agronomy, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036 Department of Agronomy, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210014;Variation of High Molecular Weight Glutenin Subunits in China-grown Winter Wheat Cultivars[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural University;1993-04
8 LU Yan,MA Chuan xi (Department of Agronomy, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036);Genetic Variations of Glutenin Subunits in Wheat Varieties[J];JOURNAL OF ANHUI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY;2000-02
9 ZHU Yu-guo,DONG Zhao-rong,CHEN Cheng,LI Xiao-ling,SONG He(School of Agronomy,Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036);Effects of nitrogen application on growth and forage yield of triticale regrowth[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural University;2006-04
10 Xiao Taiguo;STUDY ON PHYSIOIOGICAL FEATURES OF WHEAT HYBRIDS[J];Journal of Beijing Agricultural College;1990-02
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Guo Tiancai Zhu Yunji Wang Yonghua Wang Zhijie(The National Engineer Research Center for Wheat Henan Zhengzhou 450002);The Research Progress on Wheat Breeding For High Yield[A];[C];2001
2 Zhang Zhiqing Zhang Youliang Wei Yuming Wu Wei Zhou Yonghong Liu Dengcai Lan Xioujin Yan Zehong(Triticeae Research Institute,Sichuan Agricultural University,Dujiangyan 611830 Sichuan,P.R.China);Genetic Diversity Among Sichuan Wheat Cultivars Based on STS-PCR Markers[A];[C];2001
3 Zheng Youliang Chen Yuqing Wei Yuming Zhou Yonghong Liu Dengcai Lan Xiujin Yan Zehong Zhang Zhiqing(Triticeae Research Institute,Sichuan Agricultural University,Dujiangyan 611830 Sichuan China);Genetic Diversity Among Sichuan Elite Wheat Cultivars[A];[C];2001
4 Liu Zhongqi Rao Shida Pu Zongjun Yu Dongmei Yang Wuyun(Crop Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Chengdu 610066 P.R.China);Genetic Improvements of Wheat Varieties in Sichuan Since 1950[A];[C];2001
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhou Gengjian Cai Qiufang Laiyang Agricultural College;ANALYSIS OF HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY ON SOME GRAIN QUALITY AND YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF WINTER WHEAT VARIETIES[J];Shandong Agricultural Sciences;1989-04
2 Hu Yanji Chen Huabang Zhao Tanfang Song Shifeng (Department of Agronomy,shandong Agricultural University);LOOK BACK AND FORWARD TO CHARACTER EVOLUTION OF WHEAT CULTIVARS GROWN IN SHANDONG PROVINCE[J];Shandong Agricultural Sciences;1991-05
3 Gao Qingrong,Sun Lanzhen,Liu Baoshen & Han Xiangming (Department of Agronomy,Shandong Agricultural University,Taian 271018);Combining Ability Analysis of Major Characters of K- and V-cytoplasmic Hybrid Wheat[J];SHANDONG AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;1997-03
4 Wang Cuiling et al (Luoyang City Agricultural Institute,Luoyang,Henan 4 71022);Analysis of Heterosis and Heredity of Main Characters in Winter Wheat[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2003-02
5 LI Ji-hong et al (Crops Institute,Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Gongzhuling,Jilin 136100);Analysis and Evaluation on Combining Ability of New Selected Parents in Sorghum[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2007-07
6 LI Zhi-min et al(Agronomy College of Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou,Henan 450002);Relativity Analysis of Agronomic Traits and Grain Protein Content in Weak Gluten Wheat[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2007-31
7 LI Xiao-yan et al (Beijing Engineering and Technique Research Center of Hybrid Wheat,Beijing 100097);Studies on the Combining Ability of Yield Traits of Two-line Hybrid Wheat[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-07
8 KONG Xian-wang et al (Research Center of Crops,Huaiyin Institute of Agricultural Sciences in Xuhuai Region of Jiangsu Province,Huaian,Jiangsu 223001);Analysis on the Correlation of Traits between Parents and Parent-child of Three-line Japonica[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2009-21
9 Zhang Aimin;Sun Qixin;Liu Guangtian;The Relationship Among Heritability, Combining Ability and Other Important Genetical Parameter of Quantitative Characters[J];Journal of Beijing Agricultural College;1993-01
10 LI Shu-chen,CHEN Xue-zhen,XIE Hao,WANG Jian-chen,WANG Wei (Beijing Agricultural College, Beijing 102206);Analysis and Comparison of Agronomic Characters in New Soybean Lines[J];Journal of Beijing Agricultural College;2004-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 3 Hits
1 Zhu Jiacheng WANG Jian-ping Cotton and Oil Crops Institute,Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Zhengzhou,450002,China ZHANG Shu-fen MA Chao-zhi FU Ting-dong College of Plant Science and Technology Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070,China;Studies on heterosis and segregation in erucic acid and oil content in progeny for cytoplasmic male sterile in Brassica napus L.[A];[C];2005
2 Zhang Zeng cui, Hou Xilin, and Cao Shouchun (Institute of Vegetable crops, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjin 210095);Review on Inheritance of Nutrient Quality Characters in Vegetable Crops[A];[C];1998
3 WANG Cheng-She;LI Jing-Qi;ZOU Shu-Fang;YAN Wen-Xian;YANG Jin-Rong;LIU Jun;HUANG Xiao-Gang Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agricultural and Forestry, YangLing 712100, China;Studies on The Relationship Between The Breeding Efficiency of Anther Culture and The Use of Different Hybrid Generations as Anther-donor Pants in Wheat[A];[C];2003
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved