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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1980-04
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THE HETEROSIS OF F1 HYBRIDS BETWEEN ORYZA SATIVA SUBSP.HSIEN AND O.SATIVA SUBSP.KENG

Zeng Shixiong Yang Xiuqing Lu Zhuangwen (South China Agricultural College,Guangzhou)  
The heterosis of 27 inter subspecific hybrids between Hsien andKeng was shown to be highly significant in such characters as strawweight per plant,number of grains per panicle,tillers per plant,plantheight,ear length,date of heading,panicle density and days of matu-rity.The hybrids exceeded the greater parents(P0.005)in all thesecharacters,but the ratio of panicles to tillers,filled grains per pani-cle and percentage of seed setting were evidently lower than that ofthe mid parent(P0.005).In comparing the F_1 hybrids with their grea-ter parents,we found the differences in panicles per plant,weigt of1000 grains and grain weight per plant to be non-significant.By wayof path analysis,we found panicles per plant having the greatest ef-fect among 7 characters on the grain weight per plant of F_1 hybrids.Next to this character were percentage of seed seeting filled grainsper panicle,plant height,panicle density,weight of 1000 grains anddate of maturity,named in order of their effect.In the study of corre-lations,we found plant height,panicle length,panicle density,tillersper plant,panicles per plant,total grains per panicle and filled grainsper plant of the F_1 hybrids were positively correlated to that of midparent at significant levels,while length of panicle,grain weight perplant,straw weight per plant,weight of 1000 grains and date of hea-ding were negatively correlated to that of the mid parents at significantlevels.
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