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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1981-04
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THE ANALYSIS OF COMBINING ABILITY,HERITABILITY AND HETEROSIS OF TWENTY FOUR WHEAT PARENTS WITH DIALLEL CROSSING METHOD

Shen Qiuquan (Hangzhou Agricultural Science Institute) Zhang Quande (Zhejiang Agricultural University) Huang Chunnong (Hangzhou University)  
An experiment on wheat diallel crosses with one set of F_′s(withoutreciprocals)and 24 parents was carried out during 1975—1976 in Hang-zhou.The main results obtained are as follows:1.General combining ability of the 24 lines in their nine charactersand specific combining ability of all the combinations in eight cha-racters are highly statistically significant as shown by g.c.a.ands.c.a.variance analysis using L.S.R.method.2.General combining ability effects (?)and variances of specific com-bining ability effects (?) for all the characters involved wereestimatod.The heredity for all the characters of the parents alsowere studied on the basis of the values of (?) and (?).3.The order of h_n~2 value from high to low is as follows:spikeletsper head;plant height;heading date;kernel weight;seeds perhead;head length;economic coefficient;heads per plant;grainweight per plant.4.Except for plant height,heterosis for the majority of charactersinvolved can be used in wheat production.Heterosis value forgrain yield per plant in average amounted to 27.7% in this experi-ment.
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