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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1983-04
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STUDIES ON GENETIC VARIATION OF SUCCESSIVE GENERATIONS AFTER HYBRIDIZATION IN SOYBEANS——Ⅱ.Combining Ability and Related Genetic Parameters

Ma R.H. Gai Junyi Hu Yunzhu (Soybean Research Laboratory,Nanjing Agricultural College)  
The combining ability and related genetic parameters were studiedfrom F_1—F_4 generations of a diallel cross among five cultivars fromchina and USA.Fourteen traits of yield,yield components,and growth periods sho-wed to have significant gca variation in F_1—F_4;eleven in F_1 and onlyseven in F_4 indicated significant sca variation.Yield in all four genera-tions was significant in both gca and sca variation,which indicated thatthe total genetic variance was composed of additive,dominant,ahd alsocertain amount of additive x additive variance.The significance of gene-ration x gca and generation x sca indicated that there would be differentoptimal parent combinations for the utilization of F_1 hybrid vigor andpure line selection in later generations. The estimates of gca % and h_N~2 showed that selection for yield mightbe appropriate in some later generations,and selection for growth periods,100-seed weight,number of seeds per pod,and bottom pod height couldbe carried out rigorously from the early generations,while the othertraits would not be appropriate for rigorous selection in all the generationsstudied。
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