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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1984-04
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THE ANALYSIS OF HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY IN SIX WHEAT CULTIVARS FOR GRAIN PROTEIN,LYSINE AND TRYPTOPHAN CONTENT

Zhu Muyuan Xu Abing Pei Hongping Yu Zhilong (Department of Biology,Hangzhou University)  
1.During 1979-1982,six diverse common wheat cultivars having dif-ferent content of grain protein,lysine and tryptophan were crossed indiallel system(including reciprocal crosses),and the magnitude of he-terosis and combining ability during F_1 and F_2 generations were deter-mined.2.The average values of mid- and Higher parent heterosis were allnegative in biochemical characters under studied.3.The magnitude of heterosis over better parent ranged from -11.99%to 6.41% for crude protein, -18.63% to 6.75% for lysine and -16.71%to 9.10% for tryptophan content(latter both in g./100 g.crude prore-in).4.The estimation of both combining ability(GCA and SCA)vari-ance were highly significant for all five biochemical characters studied,indicating both additive and non-additive genetic effects are playing animportant role in present study,yet GCA/SCA ratio is higher,showingadditive gene action more important.5.The Griffing analysis in F_1 and F_2 revealed that“Su mai No.3”,“Zhe mai No.2”and“Yuan 2864”was the good general combiner forgrain protein,lysine and tryptophan content respectively.SCA effectswere varied with generations and years.
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