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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1988-03
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GROWTH ANALYSIS ON THE PROCESS OF GRAIN FILLING IN RICE

Zhu Qingsen Cao Xianzu Luo Yiqi (Jiangsu Agricultural College,Yangzhou,Jiangsu Province)  
Richards equation W=A/(1+Be~(-kt)) 1/N was used to describe theweight increasing of the strong and the weak grains of six rice varieties(including hybrids).According to N values in the equation of theweak grain,the grain-filling processes of the six rice varieties fall intotwo types,one was synchronous,0N1;the other was asynchronous,N1.Based on two inflexion points of the grain growth curve,thegrain-filling process can be split into three phases,i.e.early,middle(vigorous)and late(up to 99% of the maximum growth weight,A).Several parameters of grain filling were derived from the equation,suchas initial growth power R_0=k/N;the time when the growth rate is maximum t_(max).G=(lnB-lnN)/k and maximum growth rate G_(max),etc.,foranalysis and comparison of grain-filling process of the two types of varieties.The results showed that comparing with asynchronous varieties,the values R_0 of the weak grain of synchronous varieties were large;itsvigorous filling phase was early,and the active filling phase of the strongand the weak grains on one panicle was somewhat overlapped,the growthwas slow in the late phase.The grain filling of the weak grains wasgreatly affected by the relative ratio of source to sink.If the source wasstrengthened,the R_0 value turned larger,the active filling period cameearlier,and vice versa.
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