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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1990-01
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Studies on Inheritance and Correlation of Some Quality Characteristics in Winter Wheat

Li Zongzhi (Hebei Agricultural University)  
F_1's sedimentation value(Zeleny)and Pelshenke value expressed intermediatebetween the two parents,the former mainly showed positive partial dominence and the latter was negative partial dominence.The phenotypic values of the two characters in F_1were significantly correlated with mid-parent values,and showed higher heritability,indicating that the genetic advance in progeny would be easy obtained by selection.Onthe contrary, protein percentage in grain in F_1 presented a different hereditary form,andnot being significantly correlated with mid-parent value,having lower heritability,indicating that it is not easy to breed wheat for high protein.However,there occured thetransgressive plants in F_2 and lines in F_3 generations for protein in all crosses,the extentof transgressive segregation correlated with difference between the two parents,SCA,relativedominance in F_1 and the GCA of high protein parent.Any significant correlation wasnot found between sedimentation value,Pelshenke value and heading stage,plant height,thousand grain weight.Sedimentation value significantly correlated with doughrheological properties(dough development time,stability,breakdown time,width ofband,mixing tolerance index,degree of softening,and valorimeter value)but notsignificantly with test weight,flour yield,protein percentage in flour,dry and wet glutenand flour water absorption.The results of this study suggested that the increasing insedimentation value,Pelshenke value,test weight,grain vitreousness and flour yieldwould contribute to a coordination of relationships among nutritional quality,processingquality,grain yield,resistance and adaptability in wheat.
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