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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 1998-06
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Heterotic Groups and Patterns of Maize Inbred Lines Established by RAPDs

Peng Zebin Liu Xinzhi Fu Junhua Li Liancheng Huang Changling (Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation Academy of Agricultural Science Beijing 100081)  
The objectives of this study were (1) to examint the potential of RAPDs for assigning maize inbreds to heterotic groups, (2) to establish heterotic group and pattern for Chi nese main maize inbred lines. Fifting inbreds were analyzed for RAPDs with 6 random primers 10-mer and amplified 29 polymorphic bands. The genetic distance (RD) based on RAPD data were estimated by Rogers' method. The fifting inbred lines were classified into 6 heterotic groups by Group Average Method (Sokal and Michene, 1968). These results correspond well with mid- parent heterosis and pedigree study. On the other hand,the 105 diallel single cross combinations coming from 15 inbred Lines were planted in four enviroments in China to evaluated F1 yield, mid-parent heterosis (MPH) and specific combining ability (SCA). The F1 yield,MPH and SCA varied signifcantly among heterotic groups. The comparision of different heterotic patterns showed that 7 patterns could be used in breeding. Our results suggest that RAPD markers may be valuable method to establish heterotic groups and patterns.
【Fund】: 国家攀登计划
【CateGory Index】: S513
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