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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 2001-03
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Effects of the VSW Cultural Method on Yield Formation and Physiolo gical Characteristics in Double Cropping Hybrid Rice

WT5BZ]ZOU Ying Bin 1 HUANG Jian Liang 1 TU Nai Mei 1 LI He Song HUANG Sheng Ping 2 ZHANG Yang Zhu 1[WT6BX]( 1 Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan 410128, China; 2Liling Agricultural Bureau, Liling, Hunan 412200, China)  
The fixed demonstration field trial (6.67 hm 2) by “vigorous root, strong culm and weighty panicle” cultural method (VSW) and the comparative experiment between VSW and traditional cultural method (CK) were conducted in Liling city (N27°29′), Hunan province, from 1996 to 1999. The results showed as follows: (1) The yield of VSW was as high as 7981.5 ~8494.5 kg/hm 2 for early cropping rice V402, and 8481.5~8980.5 kg/hm 2 for late cropping rice V198, and increased by 11.7% and 13.3% compared with CK respectively; (2) The characteristics of high yield rice were high earbearing percentage(71.3%~76.8%), better transimision condition, higher assimilation rate and more dry matter production。 The early developed population produced more dry weight (DW) resulted in the suitable accumulation of dry matter in middle and late growth periods, but there was a difference among different years in early rice (the ratio of DW at maximum tillering stage to that at ripening stage was 10.6% ~ 17.5% ); (3) Root growth rate and its absorbing surface area increased rapidly as the growth of above ground plants, and reached to the maximum value at heading stage for early rice, and increased slowly after heading stage for late rice. Under the VSW conditions, roots showed still stronger activitity and absorbing ability, absorbed about 5% P and 10% N after heading.
【Fund】: 国家“九五”重中之重攻关项目! (95 - 0 0 1- 0 1)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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