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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 2001-06
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Effects of Elevated CO_2 on Photosynthesis and Antioxidative Ability of Broad B ean Plants Grown under Drought Condition

REN Hong Xu 1 CHEN Xiong 2 WU Dong Xiu 2 ( 1 Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, The Chinese Academy of Science, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2State Key La boratory of Arid Agroecology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou  
Broad bean plants ( Vicia faba L.)grown in open top chambers were us ed to assess the effects of elevated atmospheric CO 2 and drought on photosynth esi s, transpiration, water use efficiency and antioxidative enzymes of leaves. Elev a ted CO 2 (700 μmol mol -1 ) enhanced plant height, photosynthetic rate, st omatal resistance and water use efficiency, whereas decreased transpiration rate . Furthermore, under high CO 2 c on dition, there was no significant difference in the activities o f catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD)and glutathione reductase (GR)as wel l as the contents of chlorophyll, carotenoids and soluble sugar between the wate r stressed broad bean plants and well watered plants, and the activities of pe roxidase was even weaker under water deficit condition. In addition , under high CO 2 condition, the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA)in leaves grown under th e combination of elevated CO 2 concentration and water deficit condition were significantly lower than the leaves grown under water stressed condition. This means that high CO 2 may have amelioration effect on drought induced oxidati ve damage. Namely, elevated atmospheric CO 2 can enhance the capacity of pla nts to resist stress induced oxidative damage.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目 (No.396 70 139) ;; 中国科学院天山冰川观测试验站基金资助项目 (F2 0 0 10 4) ;; 中国科学院冰芯与寒区环境开放研究实验室开放基金资助项目 (BX2 0 0 1- 0 6 )。
【CateGory Index】: S643.601
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