Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 2010-09
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Discussion on the Aspects of High-Yielding Breeding in Rice

GU Ming-Hong Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics of the Ministry of Education / Agricultural College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China  
In the last 60 years, great success on rice production was achieved via improved cultivation technique, utilization of chemical fertilizer, variety improvement and so on. In the aspect related to development of high-yielding rice varieties, the successes can be summarized as three points: (1) development of semi-dwarf varieties of indica rice with the gene of sd-1 in late 1950s and early 1960s; (2) development of elect-panicle varieties of japonica rice with the gene of qEP9-1 in 1960s; (3) development of hybrid rice with the gene of CMS of WA, BT, HL, etc. in 1970s. Generally speaking, rice yield is composed of three components: the panicle number of unit area, the filled grain number per panicle and the grain size (usually measured by the weight of 1000 rice grains). In order to develop super-high-yielding-variety in rice, the key point is to explore new resources of the genes related to plant type, tillering ability, panicle size, grain size, insect and disease resistance, grain filling ability, and so on. Such gene resources usually can be obtained from different subspecies, i.e. indica and japonica. Some important genes also can be obtained from other species for which biotechnique approach is essential including gene cloning and development of molecular makers for the genes. In recent years, lots of target genes related to the characteristics mentioned above have been cloned, such as Sd1, Gn1a, Ga20x-2, Gs3, Bt, EPSPS, qPEP9-1. On the other side, new breeding techniques such as transgenic approach and molecular assisted selection (MAS) to pyramid target genes (or gene combinations) need to be accepted and to be joined with conventional breeding techniques. With reviewing the development for high-yielding variety achieved in last century, several points need to be noticed and discussed: (1) The tillering ability of rice plays an important role in regulating population density related to the efficiency of photosynthesis. The panicle number of unit area also relates to the tillering ability of the varieties. For high and the stabe yield, medium or even higher than medium tillering ability is necessary for the elite varieties. (2) Panicle size is usually measured by the number of filled grains per panicle. Extensive variation on panicle size can be found in different rice varieties. The heterosis of hybrid rice mainly shows the enlargement of panicle size. For developing high-yielding varieties, more attention needs to be paid to enlarging the panicle size. (3) Grain size is one of the most important factors influencing yield potential in rice. The range of grain size measured by 1000-grain weight is 23–29 g in commercial varieties and 15–70 g in rice germplasm. In general, the larger the grain size, the poorer the grain quality. From the point of view of balance between grain yield and grain quality, a medium-large grain size is most favorite for high-yielding varieties.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2006CB101701)资助
【CateGory Index】: S511
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Yang Shouren; Zhang Longbu; Chen Wenfu; Xu Zhenjin; Wang Jinmin (Rice Laboratory. Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110161);Theories and Methods of Rice Breeding for Maximum Yield[J];JOURNAL OF SHENGYANG AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY;1996-01
2 CHENG Shi Hua 1, 2 ZHAI Hu Qu 1( 1 Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095; 2National Center for Rice Improvement, Hangzhou 310006);Comparison of Some Plant Type Components in Super High yielding Hybrids of Inte r subspecies Rice[J];Acta Agronomica Sinica;2000-06
3 YANG Jian chang,ZHANG Wen hu,WANG Zhi qin,LIU Li jun,ZHU Qing sen (Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation & Physiology, MOA, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009);Source-sink Characteristics and the Translocation of Assimilates in New Plant Type and Japonica/indica Hybrid Rice[J];Scientia Agricultura Sinica;2001-05
4 TAN Chang le 1, ZHANG Hong xi 1, DAI Zheng yuan 1, ZHAO Bu hong 2, XU Mao lin 1, LIU Xiao bin 1, ZHOU Gui xiang 2 ( 1Lixiahe Region Agricultural Research Institute of Jiangsu, Yangzhou 225007; 2Agricultural College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009);Characteristics of Sink, Source and Flow in Good Quality Indica Rice Yangdao6[J];Scientia Agricultura Sinica;2003-01
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Ma Hanyun Wang Qinglin Wu Shuping Peng Peihong Hou Erwei Shen Guanghui,Guo GuiYin LI Gang(1 Agricultural Research Insitute of Xingyang,2 Meteorological Bureau of Xingyang,Xingyang 464000,China);Research Progress of Plant Type Heredity in Rice[J];Anhui Agricultural Science Bulletin;2007-23
2 Li Guoxi et al.(Agriculture college of South China agricultural university,Guangzhou 510642,China);Comparison of Super-rice Cultivation Technique Characterized by Enhancing Source and Activating Sink and Conventional Technique[J];Anhui Agricultural Science Bulletin;2009-09
3 LIU Ya-li(College of Life Science,Henan Normal University,Xinxiang,Henan 453007);Effect of Methanol and Vc on the Decrepitude of Vicia faba[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2006-04
4 ZHOU Li-hua (Department of Chemistry and Biology,Hunan Institute of Humanities,Science and Technology,Loudi,Hunan 417000);Study on the Biological Base of Yield-increasing Potential of High-yield Hybrid Rice[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2006-19
5 LIU Shu-mei et al(College of Agronomy,Shenyang Agricultural University,Shenyang,Liaoning 110161);Study on the Relationship between Yield Components and Quality Traits in Japonica Rice[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences;2008-18
6 ZHANG Yunhua1,WANG Rongfu1,CHEN Bingsong2, YU Jianglong1,QIAN Lisheng1,SHA Sha3 (1.College of Life Science, Anhui Agricultural University,Hefei 230036; 2.Institute of Atomic Energy for Application in Agriculture,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences;3.College of Life Science,Nanjing Normal University);Light Energy Conversion Efficiency and Assimilate Distribution of Indica-Japonica Subspecies Hybrid Rice Liangyoupeijiu at Late Stage[J];Journal of Anhui Agricultural University;2003-03
7 ZHUANG Bao hua (College of Crop Science,Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China);Advances in physio-ecological characteristics of intersubspecies rice hybrids[J];Journal of Fujian Agricultural University(Natural Science);2002-03
8 ZHUANG Baohua, ZHANG Shubiao, ZHANG Qingqi, YANG Rencui (College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China);Physiological characteristics of yield formation in Liangyoupeijiu, a two-line intersubspecific hybrid rice[J];;2003-02
9 LAN Zhi-bin (Longyan Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Longyan, Fujian 364000. China);Analysis of inner factors for limiting high yield of indica glutinous rice[J];Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences;2003-04
10 LI Shuang-sheng, YOU Yue-hua (Longyan Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Longyan, Fujian 364000. China);Characteristics of storage, resource and current of high-yielding indicaglutinous rice varieties[J];Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences;2004-01
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 CHEN You-ding ZHANG Xu HUANG Nong-rong HUANG Qiu-mei Rice Research Institute,Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Guangzhou 510640 WAN Bang-hui Agricultural College,Huanan Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510640;Studies on the Dynamic Plant Type Structue of A Two-Line Super Hybrid Rice Yueza 122[A];[C];2005
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 COCHING CHU (Academia Sinica);SOME CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF CHINESE CLIMATE ANDTHEIR EFFECTS ON CROP PRODUCTION[J];Acta Geographica Sinica;1964-01
2 Yang Shouren;Zhang Longbu;Chen Wenfu;Xu Zhengjin;Wang Jinmin(Rice Laboratory, Shenyang Agricultural University Shenyang 110161);Verification and Evaluation of The "Three Optimums Theory" in Rice Breeding for Maximum Yield[J];JOURNAL OF SHENGYANG AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY;1994-01
3 Lin Shih-cheng Kuo I-hsien Yang Chuan-yung Han Chih-wei (Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences);STUDIES ON THE HIGH-YIELDING CHARACTERISTICS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF RICE POPULATIONS[J];Acta Agronomica Sinica;1963-04
4 Gao Yong Shen Zongtan Yang Zhenyu (Zhejiang Agricultural University, Hangzhou, 310029) (Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shenyang, 110101);Genetic Studies on F_1 Sterilities between 4502 (Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica) and Several Wide Compatibility Rice Varieties (WCVs)[J];Acta Agronomica Sinica;1998-05
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved