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《Acta Agronomica Sinica》 2015-02
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Canopy Structure and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Yongyou Series of Indica-Japonica Hybrid Rice under High-yielding Cultivation Condition

JIANG Yuan-Hua;XU Ke;ZHAO Ke;SUN Jian-Jun;WEI Huan-He;XU Jun-Wei;WEI Hai-Yan;GUO Bao-Wei;HUO Zhong-Yang;DAI Qi-Gen;ZHANG Hong-Cheng;Innovation Center of Rice Cultivation Technology in the Yangtze Valley,Ministry of Agriculture/Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province,Yangzhou University;  
Compared with japonica hybrid rice cultivars(B),conventional japonica rice cultivars(C) and indica hybrid rice cultivars(D),Yongyou series of indica-japonica hybrid rice cultivars(A) were adopted to analyze the lightened posture of leave,light distribution of canopy and photosynthetic characteristics of plant systematically. Results were as follows:(1) leaf length,leaf width of top three leaves showed the trend of ABDC,canopy extinction coefficient showed the trend of CDBA,leaf basic angle of top three leaves and relative height of the largest leaf area density were DABC,lower canopy leaf area density was CBAD,plant height and the largest leaf area density showed the trend of ADBC,leaf drop angle of top three leaves showed the trend of DBCA,upper canopy leaf area density observed DABC,lower canopy relative light showed the trend of ABCD,lower canopy relative light and canopy average relative light showed the trend of BACD;(2) population LAI and high valid leaf area rate showed the trend of DABC at heading,valid leaf area rate,spikelets per cm2 leaf area,filled grains per cm2 leaf area,total biomass,economic yield,chlorophyll(a+b) content,carotenoid content,PSII actual photochemical efficiency,net photosynthetic rate,enzyme activities of SOD,POD,and CAT after heading showed the trend of ABCD,harvest index and MDA content showed the trend of DCBA. Therefore,compared with other three types of rice,Yongyou Series of indica-japonica hybrid rice had significant advantages in the canopy structure and photosynthetic characteristics,which are both normal ecological and physiological bases of high yield,and maybe an important way to improve the population productivity of inter-subspecific hybrid rice.
【Fund】: 国家粮食丰产科技工程项目(2011BAD16B03);; 国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201303102);; 农业部超级稻专项(02318802013231);; 江苏省科技支撑计划项目(BE2012301)资助
【CateGory Index】: S511
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