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Basic Rules and Characteristics of Acupoint Application Therapy Based upon Data Mining

ZHANG Xin,ZHANG Xuan-ping,JIA Chun-sheng,WANG Jian-ling1,XU Jing,QIN Liang2,XU Xiao-kang,ZHANG Mei-ling,KANG Su-gang,DUAN Xiao-dong,LIU Bei-bei,CAI Chun-ying(College of Chinese Medicine,Hebei Medical University,Shijiazhuang 050091,China;1Department of Fundamental Courses,Hebei Medical University,Shijiazhuang 050091;2Department of Rehabilitation and Physiotherapy,the Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University,Baoding 071000)  
Objective To analyze the basic characteristics of effects of acupoint application therapy in order to guide clinical decision better.Methods A database on acupoint application therapy was established first by collection,sorting,screening,recording,collation,data extraction,and statistical analyses of the related literature published in recent 60 years,and using modern computer system.Then,its predominant indications and application rules in clinical practice were analyzed using data mining techniques.Results Outcomes of data mining showed that the acupoint application therapy was extensively utilized in the treatment of a variety of diseases or clinical conditions(142 in total) in different clinical departments,particularly in the internal medicine which contains 51 types of clinical conditions or diseases(accounting for 35.92%).Among them,the top 3 are asthma,cough,and abdominal pain,with the appearance frequency being 161,79 and 45 times(=articles) in the domestic journals,respectively.The second one is the paediatric department,containing 30 kinds of diseases or clinical conditions(accounting for 21.13%).Among them,cough(106 articles),asthma(104 articles) and diarrhoea(82 articles) are frequently seen.The surgery department takes the third place,involving 27 disorders(accounting for 19.01%),with lumbago-leg pain being the most(31 articles).In the departments of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology,14 types of disorders(accounting for 9.86%) have been reported,with nasosinusitis being the most(56 papers).This therapy has also been used to treat 10 types of gynecopathy(7.04%) and 10 kinds of dermopathy(7.04%),with dysmenorrhea(37 articles) and shingles(6 articles) being the most.For acupoint application,complex prescriptions of Chinese herbal medicines in the forms of paste and cataplasm are frequently adop-ted,but with fewer application of enhancer of cutaneous penetration.Regarding the utilized acupoint,local points are often chosen.In the light of the collected papers,the highest effective rate is for dermopathy,followed by surgical problems,gynecopathy,paediatric conditions,and disorders of the internal medicine,ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology.Conclusion Acupoint application therapy has been used for 142 kinds of disorders of different clinical departments,with the dominant indications being asthma,cough,abdominal pain,facial paralysis and constipation in the internal medicine,cough,asthma and diarrhoea in the paediatrics,lumbago-leg pain in the surgery,nasosinusitis in the otorhinolaryngology,and dysmenorrhea of gynecopathy.
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