Data Mining-revealed Characteristics of Clinical Application of Scalp Acupuncture
WANG Qiong;XING Hai-jiao;BAO Na;KONG Ling-juan;JIA Ye-juan;YANG Ke;SUN Yan-hui;WANG Jian-ling;SHI Jing;LI Xiao-feng;XU Jing;ZHANG Xuan-ping;ZHANG Xin;JIA Chun-sheng;LI Ren-ling;Teaching and Research Section of Clinical Acupuncture-Moxibustion,Hebei Medical University;Institute of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Massage of Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Yingcheng People's Hospital of Hubei Province;Department of Public Course Education,Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Basic Medical College,Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;Library,Hebei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine;
Objective To explore the regularity and characteristics of clinical application of scalp acupuncture therapy for different types of clinical conditions so as to provide a reference for clinical practice.Methods In the present study,"head acupuncture"and"scalp acupuncture"were used as the keywords to search papers and academic dissertations having definite standards for diagnosis and therapeutic effect assessment and published in journals and academic conferences collected in database China National Knowledge Internet(CNKI)from January 1 of 1959 to December 31 of 2016,followed by constructing a database after sorting,screening,recording,extracting,and statistical analysis by using a computer.Then,the data mining was conducted for summarizing the indications of disease categories,involved medical departments,needle-insertion methods,needle manipulation techniques,academic schools,and clinical efficacy of scalp acupuncture therapy.Results As a result,a total of 587 papers met our including criteria were analyzed.The scalp acupuncture therapy was widely employed in the treatment of various clinical conditions of different departments,with the application frequency being the internal medicine(438 times),surgery(75 times),pediatrics(44 times),etc.Of the indicated 102 types of clinical problems,55 belong to the internal medicine,constituting of 53.92%,particularly the cerebral apoplexy and its sequelae with the top application frequency being 102 and 115 times,respectively.In terms of needle inserting methods mentioned in partial papers(most papers do not mention),fingernail-pressing-aided needle insertion,needle-twirling insertion,fingers-squeezed-needle insertion,particularly the swiftly rotating needle insertion and rapid needle-propelling insertion were most commonly used.Regarding the needle manipulation method,rapid needle twirling technique was frequently employed,usually at a frequency of approximately 200 times per min.In regard to the academic schools,JIAO Shun-fa's scalp acupuncture system was most frequently used,followed by the international standardized scalp acupuncture.The therapeutic effect of scalp acupuncture is effective in the treatment of different conditions of various departments,especially those of the dermatology and gynecology.Conclusion Scalp acupuncture has superiority in the treatment disorders of the internal medicine and has been demonstrated to have positive effects for many types of problems,particularly for apoplexy and its sequelae.Rapid needle-propelling insertion and rapid needle-twirling technique are often employed.
【Fund】： 国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81072883、81173342、81473773、81681260237);; 河北科技支撑项目(No.152177212)
【CateGory Index】： R246;TP311.13
【CateGory Index】： R246;TP311.13