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《Modern Chemical Industry》 2005-03
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Fermentative biological production of hydrogen by digesting high strength organic wastewater

LI Yong-feng, REN Nan-qi, HU Li-jie(School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China)  
It is a hot research field that biological hydrogen can be produced by digesting high-strength organic wastewater in the acidogenic phase of two-phase anerobes in the world.The research for hydrogen-producing mechanism,process scheme and design,engineering control in practice on fermentative biological hydrogen production is reviewed.There are three types of fermentaive hydrogen-producing metabolic pathways which are butyric acid fermentation,ethanol fermentation and formic acid scission reaction in fermentative hydrogen-producing microorganism.The main process is mixed culture by activated sludge.The processes of pure culture and immobilized cell are developed.The bacteria of genuses of Enterobacter,Clostridium,Citrobacter and the new type of fermentative hydrogen-producing bacteria with the ethanol-fermentation are isolated in the world.The germplasm can be used such as in pure culture,cell immobilization and bioaugmentation.The mixed culture for fermentative hydrogen production under the guidance of the ethanol-type fermentative biohydrogen-producing theory has been established and will be applied in the demonstration factory.
【Fund】: 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)资助项目(2002AA001034)
【CateGory Index】: X703
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