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《Modern Rehabilitation》 2000-10
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Psychosocial factors analysis in chronic low back pain

LIN Jian-qiang, YE Shu-liang, YANG Hong, (Changhai Hospital, Second Military University, Shanghai 200433, China)  
Objective To explore the psychosocial characteristics in chronic low back pain(CLBP). Methods Sixty-five cases of chronic low back pain patients (patient groups) were investigated with Minnesota Multiphasic personality inventory(MMPI) and Selfreporting inventory (SCL - 90). These results were compared with results obtained from a matched non-pain group(control group). Using a t-test. Results The elevated scores of scales of hypochondriasis, depression, hysteria and psychasthenia in MMPI of the patient groups had significant differences from control group(P 0. 01),The elevated scores of somatization, obsessive-compulsive, interpersonal, sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobia and psychotism in SCL - 90 of the patient groups had significant differences from control groups(P 0. 05). Conclusion The psychosocial characteristicca of Hypochondriasis-Depression Hysteria (' neurotic triad' ) were shown in the CLBP patients with the anxiety obsessive-compulsive Psychasthenia were also shown. It is suggested that in addition to carrying out biomechanical treatment, physiotherapists are to address certain psychological needs of CLBP.
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