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《Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation》 2006-18
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Characteristics of music intervention

Gu Hong Mental Health Center of Changning District, Shanghai 200335, China  
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the progressive process, physiological and psychological effects as well as practice principle of music intervention, and detailedly review its latest clinical application at home and abroad with expectation of helping to carry out music intervention in China. DATA SOURCES: An online search of Medline database was undertaken by using the of "music intervention" to identify the relevant articles of music intervention published in English from January 1999 to August 2005. Meanwhile, Wanfang database and China Academic Journals Database were scanned with computer to search the relevant articles of music intervention published from January 1999 to August 2005, and the keyword was "music intervention" with language limited to Chinese. STUDY SELECTION: After primary screening, the relevant articles about the basic and clinical study of music intervention were selected, while the obvious non-randomized trials were excluded, and then the full texts of selected articles were searched for randomized controlled study. Inclusive criteria: randomized controlled study with single-blind, double-blind or non-blind method; experiment including parallel control groups. Exclusive criteria: repetitive experimental study. DATA EXTRACTION: Totally 38 original articles related to basic and clinical study of music intervention were collected. Of the 38 articles, 27 articles in accordance with the inclusive criteria were reviewed, while other 11 studies were excluded due to repetitive studies. DATA SYNTHESIS: At present, music intervention mainly focuses on physiological and psychological effects, practice principle and clinical application. It is proved that music is an easy-to-administer, relatively inexpensive, noninvasive intervention that has been used to reduce heart rate, blood pressure, myocardial oxygen consumption, gastrointestinal function, anxiety, and pain. At the same time, six principles of music intervention hawe been identified: intent, authentic presence, wholeness, preference, entrainment and situating the client, which can be used as a guide for using music as a nursing intervention and play a important role in promoting the development of holistic nursing care. CONCLUSION: Some progresses have been achieved in the basic and clinical study of music intervention nowadays. The standard operating procedure for music intervention should be established as soon as possible so as to strengthen in future study.
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【CateGory Index】: R472
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