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《Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation》 2006-46
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Time management tendency associated with subjective well-being in university students

Li Ru-lin1, Hu Chun-mei2, Tian Chuan2, Dai Cheng-shu21Department of Humanity and Social Sciences, 2Students' Affairs Office, Sichuan North Medical College, Nanchong 637007, Sichuan Province, China  
AIM: To analyze the relation of time management tendency with subjective well-being (SWB) of university students, and explore whether time management tendency has the stronger estimation.METHODS: From 2005 to May 2006, 600 grade 1-4 students of Sichuan North Medical College and China West Normal University were selected to carry out the survey on SWB and time management tendency by questionnaires at the same time. Time management tendency questionnaire was compiled by Huang Xi-ting et al, and constituted by three dimensions of time value feeling, time supervision feeling and time effect feeling; totally 44 items and 5 grades. The higher scores indicated the higher levels of time management tendency in the individual. SWB was measured by the self-compiled questionnaires, consisting of four subscales: total SWB, living satisfaction, positive emotion and negative emotion. The measurements were conducted collectively in the classroom.RESULTS: Six hundreds questionnaires were issued, and 558 ones were selected as qualified by strict sieving, including 256 males and 302 females, aged 18-23 years and mean (20.2±1.5) years, with the effective rate of 93%.As for the time management tendency, the females students showed higher scores than male students in three dimensions, and only time effect feeling demonstrated significant differences (35.54±7.97, 31.45±5.53, P 0.05).②On the total SWB, the scores of female students were markedly higher than those of male students (30.265±7.33, 27.324±6.12, P 0.05), and there were also significantly increased scores in females than in males on the living satisfaction and positive emotion (17.892±5.75, 16.365±5.68; 27.976±6.88, 26.180±6.92, P 0.05), while the scores of negative emotion had not the sexual difference (P 0.05).③The time management tendency was positively related with the total SWB, living satisfaction and positive emotion noticeably (r=0.285, 0.376, 0.506, P 0.01), and negatively with negative emotion noticeably (r=-0.202, P 0.01). And the same trend was found in time value, time supervision and time effect feelings.④The multiple regression analysis implied that, the time value, time effect and time supervision feelings had the significant regression effects on the total SWB, and showed the biggest partial regression coefficient in time effect feeling (β=0.558, P=0.000). Both time value feeling and time effect feeling constituted significant regression effects on the living satisfaction and positive emotion, and so did time effect feeling with negative emotion. CONCLUSION: Time management tendency is the best estimating index to measure SWB.
【Fund】: 四川省教育厅2005年度思想政治教育重点研究课题基金资助项目(CJS05-021)~~
【CateGory Index】: B841
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