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《Journal of Modern Stomatology》 2005-01
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Clinical characteristic analysis of oligodontia

ZHANG Xiaoxia , FENG Hailan . Department of Prosthodontics , Peking University School of Stomatology, Beijing 100081  
Objective To compare and analyze clinical characteristics of oligodontia. Methods A total of 37 patients with six 6 or more permanent teeth congenitally missing were divided into two groups based on their clinical symptoms. The number, distribution, abnormality, and size of missing teeth and existent teeth were examined and analyzed. Results A higher number of teeth were absent and more existent teeth were malformed in patients with oligodontia/S (oligodontia as a part of a syndrome) than in patients with oligodontia/I (oligodontia as an isolated symptom). The difference was statistically significant at ( P 0.05). There were no significant differences in the number of missing teeth on maxilla and mandible nor on left and right sides between the two groups ( P 0.05) . The distribution of missing teeth was symmetrical bilateralery in both groups, but the frequencies of tooth loss were different. In the oligodonita/I group, the mean mesiodistal dimensions of all type of existent teeth were significantly smaller than a normal value ( P 0.05). Conclusion Severe rates of congenial missing teeth comprises clinical symptoms. The characteristics of oligodontia are different between the oligodontia/S and oligodontia/I groups. Different clinical procedures should be considered.
【Fund】: 教育部教育振兴行动计划特殊专项(“九八五”工程)(2001-10)资助(编号:209440303)
【CateGory Index】: R781.2
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