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《Modern Preventive Medicine》 2002-02
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RETROSPECT ANALYSIS ON EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SYPHILIS DURING THE LAST DECADE(1991~2000) IN GUANGZHOU.

ZHANG Xi-bao,HAN Er-yang,TANG Shao-kai,et al.Guangzhou Institute of Dermatology,Guangzhou 510095,P R of China.  
Objective:To investigate endemic factors which influence on epidemiology of syphilis,the endemic characteristics of syphilis have been explored.Methods:The consecutively data of syphilis reported from surveillance net has been analyzed by gender,age,stage and infectious source.Results:Syphilis incidence has increased by 75.7 folds,the number of case has increased by 85 folds.Female cases increased by 98.4 folds dramatically faster than male.In terms of syphilis stages,secondary syphilis was on the top of all stages,it increased by 270.5 times in 2000 than that in 1991,latent syphilis increased by 115.9 times in the same duration.Extramarital infectious reached a percentage as high as 79.88%,it was the major route of syphilis transmission in Guangzhou.2/3 out of entire cases registered was concentrated on the group of 20~39 years.Conclusion:Current situation of syphilis endemic in Guangzhou was being a stable increasing period.Based on those endemic features of syphilis,we should take multiple measures considered to prevent and control syphilis,such as promotion health education,medical training in private and public sectors and full utilization of the STD prevention and control net.Syphilis will have been under control when an effective system will be developed at the community level,with the full participation of the whole society.
【CateGory Index】: R181.3
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