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《Modern Preventive Medicine》 2008-14
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STUDY ON INFLUENCING FACTORS OF THE HEARING IMPAIRMENT OF SENIOR PEOPLE

BAI Xu-jing,QU Cheng-yi,MA Fei,et al.( School of Public Health,Shanxi Medical University,Taiyuan 030001,China)  
[Objective]To discuss the related factors of influencing elderly hearing impairment,so as to provide basis for preventing presbycusis.[Methods]1158 cases of middle-aged and elderly people over the age of 50 years old in four communities of Taiyuan were randomly selected(456 male and 704 female),GVSLN-TC-GK2000 hearing assessment instrument were used to measure the two ears about 0.5,1.0,2.0,3.0 and 4.0kHz hearing threshold;12 hours fasting blood glucose,high-density lipoprotein,low-density lipoprotein,triglyceride and total cholesterol were also measured. SPSS11.5 was used to perform statistical analysis.[Results]Lower age was the protective factor of hearing loss(F = 25.183,P﹤0.05);low income was an risk factor of hearing loss(F = 4.563,P﹤0.05,OR = 2.3);hyperglycemia(t = -2.566,P﹤0.05),hypertension(t = -2.240,P﹤0.05),high triglyceride(t = -2.715,P﹤0.05),high cholesterol(t = -2.715,P﹤0.05)were risk factors of hearing loss(their ORs and OR95%CI were 0.54(0.32-0.92),0.61(0.39-0.94),0.54(0.38-0.76),0.46(0.29-0.71),respectively).[Conclusion]Age,blood pressure,blood glucose,triglycerides,total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein are related to hearing loss. To prevent the happening of high blood sugar,hypertension,high blood cholesterol is of practical significance to delay hearing loss,improve the quality of life of older middle aged and aged people.
【Fund】: 国家自然基金项目《社区老年人轻度认知功能损害转归的定群研究》(30571611)
【CateGory Index】: R764.436
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