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《Modern Preventive Medicine》 2012-21
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A study of health-promoting lifestyle & self-rated health for elderly people in small and medium-sized cities

WANG Sheng-feng,QI Yu-mei.Medical School of Jingchu University of Technology,Jingmen,Hubei 448000,China  
OBJECTIVE To probe into old people's health-promoting lifestyle and self-rated health and explore their correlation.METHODS 530 community elderly people in Jingmen were interviewed by distributing scales of health-promoting lifestyle and self-rated health measurement,whose result was described and analyzed by variance analysis,correlation and regression analysis.RESULTS Elderly people scored 83-203(121.07 ± 17.65) in health-promoting lifestyle,156-422(278.23 ± 44.62) in self-rated health,respectively accounting for 58.21%,63.23% of the total score.There was a statistic difference between scores of health-promoting lifestyle and self-rated health in the aspects of age,monthly income,sources of income and whether or not they received community health education(P ﹤ 0.05).There was a significant positive correlation between health-promoting lifestyle and self-rated health(P﹤0.05).Nutrition and sports were influencing factors of physical health(P﹤ 0.05),nutrition had an impact on mental health(P ﹤ 0.01),and interpersonal relations,handling of stress,nutrition and health responsibilities affected social health(P﹤0.05).CONCLUSION The elderly people have poor awareness of health concept and health situations;the better health-promoting concept is,the better health they have.Community medical staff should help elderly people to improve their health-promoting level so as to improve their health.
【Fund】: 荆楚理工学院课题(ZR201104)
【CateGory Index】: R195
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